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Treatment

Immunotherapy

Illustration of x-ray of human chest with immunotherapy cells

Immunotherapy involves helping the immune system fight cancer. The immune system comprises white blood cells, the tonsils and thymus, the spleen, bone marrow and the lymphatic system in the body. It helps the body to fight infections and diseases. Immunotherapy works with the body's natural immune system to enable it to identify and destroy cancer cells on its own.

See more on immunotherapy.

Surgery

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While surgery is the main treatment for non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC, whether a patient requires surgery depends on the stage of cancer that he or she has and its location. The doctor will also take into account the patient’s age and how strong he or she is. What type of surgery a lung cancer patient requires depends on the size of the cancer, the location of the cancer in the lung, the type of cancer—whether it is small cell lung cancer SCLC or NSCLC—and whether the cancer has spread.

See more on surgery for lung cancer.

Radiotherapy

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A traditional method of treating cancer, radiotherapy is the use of high-energy radioactive waves to destroy cancer cells. Typically, radiotherapy is used to shrink tumours and help to control symptoms.

Chemotherapy

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Another traditional cancer treatment, chemotherapy employs the use of anti-cancer drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy may also be used before a surgery to shrink the tumour, to destroy remaining cancer cells after surgery or radiation, to make other therapies like radiation more effective. It is used to in some cases to relieve symptoms of cancer. Chemotherapy is administered through the veins over several sessions and cycles, or taken orally.

See more on chemotherapy.

Targeted therapy

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Targeted therapy is a class of drugs. It works by stopping key molecules that help cancer cells grow and spread.

See more on targeted therapy.

Other therapies

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There are other therapies that are used to treat lung cancer or its symptoms. These may be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and other standard therapies.

References:
Cancer Research UK: Lung Cancer - Types of Surgery.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/lung-cancer/treatment/surgery/types;
Cancer Research UK: Lung Cancer - Chemotherapy Treatment.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/lung-cancer/treatment/chemotherapy/chemotherapy-treatment;
Cancer Research UK: About Chemotherapy Into Your Vein.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/cancer-in-general/treatment/chemotherapy/how-you-have/into-your-vein/about;
My Onco: About Immunotherapy.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from https://www.myonco.be/immuno/patient/about/Immuno-therapy;
American Cancer Society - Immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/non-small-cell-lung-cancer/treating/immunotherapy.html;
American Cancer Society: Types of cancer immunotherapy.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/treatment-types/immunotherapy/what-is-immunotherapy.html;
American Cancer Society: CAR T Cell: Expanding Into Multiple Myeloma.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from https://www.cancer.gov/news-events/cancer-currents-blog/2017/car-t-cell-multiple-myeloma;
My Onco: Immune Checkpoints.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from https://www.myonco.be/immuno/hcp/about-immuno/immuno-therapy/immune-checkPoint;
My Onco: Role of PD-1.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from https://www.myonco.be/immuno/hcp/about-immuno/immuno-therapy/role-of-PD1;
American Cancer Society: Targeted Therapy Drugs for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/non-small-cell-lung-cancer/treating/targeted-therapies.html;
Cancer Research UK: Lung Cancer Treatment: Photodynamic Therapy.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/lung-cancer/treatment/photodynamic-therapy-pdt;
Cancer Research UK: Lung Cancer Treatment: Laser Therapy.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/lung-cancer/treatment/laser-therapy;
Cancer Research UK: Lung Cancer Treatment: Microwave Ablation.
Retrieved Nov 2017 from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/lung-cancer/treatment/microwave-ablation
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